Carnival of Venice: history and traditions of the most famous holiday in Italy
Traditionally, before strict fasting during the ten days before carnival in Italy bright and colorful cope lush Carnivals, which literally translated from Italian means – “farewell to meat” (ital. Carni, vale). The most famous carnival in Italy, and all over the world, the carnival in Venice. Separately the dates of Carnivals in 2010-2020 we already wrote here. now let us look more closely at the feast.
Each year the Carnival of Venice is held under a special motto or theme, around which is built the entire cultural program, although, of course, the program of events includes numerous traditional rituals followed during the large-scale stage action. After all, the main stage of the festival is the whole city, with its squares, streets, large and small channels, and, of course, theatres. For example, the main theme of the Venice carnival 2012 – “Life is theatre! All in masks”.
Carnival costumes in Venice
As we have noted, the Venetian carnival – one of the most famous and popular carnivals in the world. The first mention of the Carnival of Venice dates back to 1094-m year, and in 1296, the year it gets even the status of the state holiday. For several centuries Carnival celebration lasted for 6-8 weeks and ended only with the onset of the carnival, and there were occasions when the Festivities began, and since October of the previous year.
The idea of the carnival of Venice, belonged to the Venetian nobles. I really wanted to come up with something of my own – like the Roman, – where worked would the slogan “Bread and circuses”, they really succeeded. The original purpose of the Carnival is to provide citizens, especially representatives of the lower classes, the opportunity at least for a short period of time to break free from the daily routine, forget about the prejudices and differences and indulge in unrestrained merriment.
At the carnival of Venice, you can forget about daily routine
The ability to enjoy life and to break away what is called “no brakes” the Venetians received with carnival masks and costumes, hiding his face, social status and even gender, guaranteeing complete anonymity. Often under the guise of noble lords and ladies were hiding commoners, and the true socialites and “strong world” hid my face behind a mask of suckers. However, it is not always carnival mask hid good intentions – sometimes she served as a cover and to commit crimes.
In the XVIII century Venetian carnival gradually loses its value and chic, and soon did “retire”. The revival of the Venetian carnival with great success took place relatively recently, in 1979, the year. And in our time, Venice and the Carnival – concepts are inseparable from each other.
Today, the Venice carnival is a bright, enchanting holiday, in which history and modernity merge together. The streets and squares of the city are filled with jugglers, clowns, acrobats and jugglers. The main thing in the festival – what each person can see from the spectator to become an artist and show your show, getting the attention and the applause from the audience.
At the carnival everyone from the audience to become an artist
Mandatory attributes of each of carnival and theatrical processions and shows, concerts of classical and contemporary music, solo performances by pop singers and a parade of the most beautiful and original masks. Venetian Carnival consider it an honor to attend the best theatrical and circus groups in Europe.
On the night of Shrove Tuesday with a silent procession of boats and gondolas lined up with candles along the Grand canal (Grand Canal) of Venice, traditionally saying goodbye to the Carnival for a year to celebrate it even brighter, more colorful and more fun.