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The History of carnivals


Few people know the history of the Venetian carnival . but carnivals in their current form arose in medieval Venice and out of her gradually already spreading to other cities of Europe and then around the world have given life to all known carnivals of the world.

Venice carnival photos

And the history of carnival goes back to the times of Ancient Rome. The first carnival was held during the annual festival in honor of Saturn which is celebrated after the harvest during the winter solstice.

Here are the origin and carnival masks — during the Saturnalia everything was topsy-turvy.

The differences between masters and slaves was abolished. Slaves became masters, gentlemen — slaves. With the advent of Christianity, the tradition of the carnival were forgotten for a long time. Revived the celebration of a century later with the beginning of the Renaissance. Medieval carnivals began their parade from Venice, arriving in the form to the present day.

Carnival is celebrated annually in February. It lasts 10 days. During this period in ancient Venetian palaces are held masquerade balls. Usually the entrance is by invitation only. Sometimes you can buy the entrance ticket, the price never drops below $ 300.

In Venice carnival masks have become so popular that they began to wear on ordinary days, often under the mask was hiding for killing. Therefore, the Church was allowed to use the masks of the Venetian carnival only for their intended purpose— that is, to wear them only during the carnival.

And in 1608 in Venice issued a decree, according to which men for wearing of masks in daily life was sentenced to two years in prison and fined, and women publicly h on the square rod.

During the carnival, nothing seemed too shameful, too bold, too reckless, too slutty. The carnival was an outlet for people living under strict religious prohibitions.

The carnival opens oldest Venetian festival — Festa delle Marie, which is dedicated to the liberation of the Venetian girls, kidnapped by pirates from Istria.

St. Mark’s square shows are held. and then rain down on the audience tons of confetti. Then begins the carnival procession.

In Venice, this cheerful holiday lasts in February. But not only in Europe celebrating carnival. walk and the Canaries, and of course having fun all of Latin America. The most famous carnival is certainly the most magnificent. with its long history of Brazilian carnival in Rio de Janeiro, but also in other countries people wear masks and festive take to the streets. as do the residents of Montevideo.

And even in India at the same time have fun and celebrate. Religious festival of India “Kumbha Mela” in Sanskrit means “the feast of jugs”.

The legend says that in ancient times the gods plowed shapeless water of the ocean of milk that covered the whole earth, as long as one is not a great dhanvantari with the pot-kumbhas in his hands.

This jug was Amrita, the drink of immortality . The gods and demons began to fight for possession of the precious drink of immortality, because who saledel this liquid will be invincible. Initially, the drink of immortality took control of Asura, but Jayantha, the son of the ruler of the sky God Indra, turned into a huge bird, grabbed the container with the beverage of immortality and flew to heaven, the abode of the gods.

During the battle, drops of the elixir of immortality 12 times fell to the ground. Four of them are in India, it Prayāga (Allahabad), Nasik, Haridwar and Uddiyan. These four places pochitayte saints in India. Once every 12 years in each of these places there is a meeting-chalk.

Especially famous fair held on this occasion in Allahabad, which receives a lot of yogis, ascetics, and even wandering ascetics-sadhus, only once in twelve years, leaving for this holiday with his Himalayan abode to join in on the place where the drop fell out of the jar with the drink of immortality

Flight Janty with a pitcher full of the drink of immortality lasted 12 days of God, equal to 12 human years. Full Kumbha Mela is held every 12 years, partial Kumbha Mela — once every three years. Once in 144 years is celebrated the great Kumbh Mela.

Peripheral religious orders and sects play Mele main role, giving the exoticism and beauty of the holiday. Only they have the right to perform ablution and generally walk around naked in India .

The culmination of the festivities is the mass bathing in the Ganges (Haridwar), symbolizing the purification of the soul and body.

It is believed that a bath in the Ganges always cleanses us from sin.

But for several years bathing large number of sinful people the waters of the Ganges are not so clean, so every few years, all the Sadhus, saints and clean thanks to its meant for such tapasya, Bhakti and Sadhana do collective ablution thus clearing themselves waters of the Ganges and the following immediately after the washing is recognized as the most favorable. That is why millions of pilgrims from all over India and world come to this Festival